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James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.

Yonkers

New York

Basic Information

Type of Place
Suburb
Metro Area
NYC mainland
Politics c. 1860?
Strongly Republican
Unions, Organized Labor?
Don’t Know

Sundown Town Status

Confirmed Sundown Town?
Don’t Know
Was there an ordinance?
Don't Know
Sign?
Don’t Know
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?
Surely Not

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000 196086 118007 32575 9526 861 50852
2010
2020

Method of Exclusion

  • Unknown

Main Ethnic Group(s)

  • Unknown

Group(s) Excluded

  • Unknown

Comments

%u201CPublic Housing Does Not Diminish Property Values,%u201D from National Low Income Housing Coalition: The NIMBY Report, November, 2000.

Abstract:

%u201CIn the midst of Baltimore’s ongoing struggle to desegregate its public housing, a Harvard University scholar has raised three critical points that seem to be lost in the midst of a NIMBY charged debate about where several thousand low income African American residents will live. First, newly developed, scattered site public housing does not reduce neighbors’ property values. Second, such housing does not diminish the social fabric of neighborhoods. Finally, new public housing does not compromise community safety.
Drawn from the experience of Yonkers, New York, where a landmark 1986 federal court order required the city to create scattered site public housing to remedy a decades long problem of housing and school segregation, a comprehensive study conducted by Xavier de Souza Briggs, of Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government (%u201CIn the Wake of Desegregation,%u201D Journal of the American Planning Association, Winter 1999.), found that the traditional grounds for objection to public housing are not supported by fact. The study examines the impact of 200 units of low rise, townhouse style public housing built in seven neighborhoods between 1992 and 1994, and occupied primarily by very low income African Americans and Latinos. The five year study, focusing on home sales and surveys of hundreds of adjacent homeowners, concludes that there is no evidence that scattered site housing had negative impacts on receiving neighborhoods in terms of property values, neighbors%u2019 plans to move or their sense of community cohesiveness. The study also found no evidence of %u201Cwhite flight.%u201D The study provides strong support for advocates who want to combine the results of academic research with a coordinated program of community acceptance strategies.%u201D