Home » Indiana » Tipton

James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.



Basic Information

Type of Place
Independent City or Town
Metro Area
Politics c. 1860?
Don’t Know
Unions, Organized Labor?
Don’t Know

Sundown Town Status

Sundown Town in the Past?
Was there an ordinance?
Don't Know
Perhaps, Some Oral Evidence
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?
Probably Not, Although Still Very Few Black People

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1890 2689 6
1910 4075 3
1920 4507 0
1930 4861 0
1940 5101 1
1950 5633 2
1960 5604 0
1970 5176 0
1980 5004 2
1990 4751 8
2000 5251 8 29 9 81

Method of Exclusion

  • Threat of Violence

Main Ethnic Group(s)

  • Unknown

Group(s) Excluded

  • Black


An Indiana resident writes:

%u201CI was born in Elwood, Indiana in 1939. We have always lived in Kokomo but had family in Elwood. When I was young, I spent a lot of time, especially during the summers at Elwood. Of course the family was always driving over to Elwood (just 30 miles from Kokomo) to visit, as well as my train trips during the summer to spend a week or two at a time with them.
If you start at Frankfort on Indiana State Road 28 and go east, you hit Tipton, Elwood and Alexandria. All of these town were on State Road 28 and all of them had the “Sundown” signs at the city limits. I have seen these signs personally many times when I was growing up in the 1940’s and possibly even the very early 50’s. Of course when I was young, I didn’t know what these signs were saying, but my parents explained it to me. I guess that it was a different time period when I was growing up as I was not taught to use terms like Niggers etc. Yes I heard these terms as I got older, but my folks used the word “Colored People” and it worked fine for me. I grew up in Kokomo and graduated in 1956 from Kokomo High School. We had a fair black population and went to High School with colored kids. Never many problems in school with the mix during my time.%u201D

Since Tipton County, with Tipton as the county seat, had 58 blacks in 1880, just 19 in 1890, and still less later, there may have been some expulsion.