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James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.



Basic Information

Type of Place
Independent City or Town
Metro Area
Politics c. 1860?
Don’t Know
Unions, Organized Labor?
Don’t Know

Sundown Town Status

Sundown Town in the Past?
Was there an ordinance?
Don't Know
Don’t Know
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?
Surely Not

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1930 14039 4
1940 15654 0
1960 23797 23730 8 59 0
1970 30895 80
1980 28651 197
1990 31477 30301 218 65
2000 32427 30001 616 184
2010 39309 1583

Method of Exclusion

  • Unknown

Main Ethnic Group(s)

Group(s) Excluded

  • Black


A former resident who lived in the city from 1963-1970 said: “The Mankato that we moved into had no permanent resident blacks, with the only “Negro” residents being students at Mankato State College. None of them ever stayed on to live in Mankato. In 1966 or 1967 a doctor named Dr. Ayers came to Mankato to be on the faculty of MSC’s rehabilitation counseling program. He was black and had a white wife and 2 or 3 mixed-race children. I heard rumors that near panic had set in among some residents of blocks surrounding their home, as the white residents feared the values of their homes would plummet. In ensuing years a few other black college faculty and other professionals began to trickle into town, with no big uproar to my memory. In 1994-95 I returned to that town for a stint of graduate studies, and there were African-Americans living in town.”

* Only 49 out of the 80 black residents in 1970 lived in a household.