Home » Arkansas » Eureka Springs

James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.

Eureka Springs


Basic Information

Type of Place
Independent City or Town
Metro Area
Politics c. 1860?
Unions, Organized Labor?

Sundown Town Status

Sundown Town in the Past?
Was there an ordinance?
Don't Know
Don’t Know
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1860 330
1870 37
1890 3,804 0
1910 4,200 48
1930 12
1940 3,641 65
1950 1,958 8
1960 1,437 3
1970 1,670 0
1980 1,900 0
2000 2,278 2,140 1 18 16 91 52

Method of Exclusion

  • Unknown

Main Ethnic Group(s)

  • Unknown

Group(s) Excluded

  • Black


Until the turn of the 19th century, Eureka Springs
was an interracial town. The area had various
medicinal springs and a spa, which brought visitors
from all over the country. In the beginning of the 19th
century, health spas went out of fashion and Eureka
Springs fell on hard times. The black community was
marginalized and began to leave. “The Negroes
weren’t allowed to be down in town. They could come
down through there, but they couldn’t go into Basin
Park. A band would play every afternoon and night in
the summertime, but the colored people were
restricted from going.”