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James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.



Basic Information

Type of Place
Metro Area
Politics c. 1860?
Unions, Organized Labor?

Sundown Town Status

Sundown Town in the Past?
Always Biracial
Was there an ordinance?
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1910 1953
1920 3363 44
1930 12751 54
1940 17866 83
1950 41396 79
1960 62998 44
1970 71552 296 315
1980 59999 4548
1990 45499 8765 48
2000 52717 34985 16116 62 493
2010 48920 21417 25751 102 359

Method of Exclusion

Main Ethnic Group(s)

Group(s) Excluded


According to Urban Studies Professor Dennis Keating’s The Suburban Racial Dilemma, Euclid saw an influx of Black moving into the neighborhood as neighboring Collingwood experienced more and more black folks moving to it (cf. 153).

A former resident who live in Euclid from the 60s to the 80s reports:
“Until the early 1970s, Euclid was a very segregated place. This was particularly noticeable because the black community of Cleveland was immediately across the city borders. When the Hough area erupted in race riots in the summer of 1968, you could see the pillars of smoke from Euclid. Euclid was a natural place to want to migrate to, if you were tired of the crime in Cleveland.

But they didn’t, at first. I remember that the Civil Rights rental non-discrimination laws were resented – in some cases vocally – but they were obeyed, and black people began to move into Euclid into the large apartment complexes.

The majority of Euclid’s population were working-class folk of eastern European descent.

Euclid’s schools, which I attended until I graduated high school in [the late seventies], were almost all white. In 1977, Euclid High School had about 6 black students, out of a total of almost 3,000.

I’m not aware that Euclid ever had racist ordinances as such. But, the ACLU went after a local judge for allegedly racist sentencing and courtroom practices.

A few cops admitted to me that they acted on occasion to scare off blacks they found in town, particularly in the early 1970s.

I didn’t see any black homeowners in Euclid until the early 1990s.

Today, Euclid is becoming a largely black community. The school system is now (based on my casual observations on a visit in 2010) almost all black. A lot of white people still live in Euclid, the majority senior citizens or getting close.”