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James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.

Wolf Lake

Illinois

Basic Information

Type of Place
CDP, Unincorporated Borough, or MCD
Metro Area
Politics c. 1860?
Strongly Democratic
Unions, Organized Labor?

Sundown Town Status

Confirmed Sundown Town?
Surely
Was there an ordinance?
Don't Know
Sign?
Yes, Strong Oral Tradition
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?
Probably

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940 0
1950
1960 0
1970
1980
1990 0
2000 0
2010
2020

Method of Exclusion

  • Violent Expulsion

Main Ethnic Group(s)

  • Unknown

Group(s) Excluded

  • Black

Comments

After the flood of January 1937, Johnston City received 287 flood refugees from around Mounds and Mound City. “When the danger of flooding has passed, the black people were transferred to Wolf Lake, the white refugees to Anna…” Interestingly, Wolf Lake was also probably sundown.
Wolf Lake precinct has no blacks, 2000. Not a town but an MCD, in census.

Confirmed via classmates.com, January 27, 2004:
Billy Rhodes 1953 1/26/2004 To: Jim Loewen (4) African Americans in Wolf Lake
i remember when i was very young and lived in wolf lake there was a big sign on hwy 3 both north and south ends that read the n word dont let the sun set on your back in wolf lake and i lived there till i was nineteen and dont know of a black ever living there bill rhodes

Listed as “violent expulsion” because of nearby Anna’s in 1909.