- Type of Place
- Independent City or Town
- Metro Area
- Politics c. 1860?
- Unions, Organized Labor?
Sundown Town Status
- Sundown Town in the Past?
- Was there an ordinance?
- Don't Know
- Year of Greatest Interest
- Still Sundown?
Method of Exclusion
- Violent Expulsion
Main Ethnic Group(s)
Oral history done on-site, 1/2004, with elected city
official and mother of same: the black community was
at the S end of town, S 7th street, “behind where those
mobile homes are. Mother was in HS in the early
1950s. A black man beat up and maybe killed a white
HS cheerleader’s grandmother, with whom she lived,
and raped the cheerleader. He was arrested and
incarcerated, but whites threatened the entire black
community, and all left except one family… [I think
that family lived outside the corporate limits.]”
Another person who grew up in Vienna, now lives
in another S. IL town, told me, 2/2004: “I have heard
in 1954, the year that I was born, a black man raped a
white woman, and they burned out all the blacks in
town.” “There was a segregated area where the blacks
lived, called Nigger Hill. But I did not know that as a
negative word.” A whole community