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James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.

Scottsburg

Indiana

Basic Information

Type of Place
Independent City or Town
Metro Area
Politics c. 1860?
Don’t Know
Unions, Organized Labor?
Don’t Know

Sundown Town Status

Confirmed Sundown Town?
Surely
Was there an ordinance?
Perhaps, Some Oral Evidence
Sign?
Perhaps, Some Oral Evidence
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?
Surely Not

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930 1702 0
1940
1950
1960 3810 1
1970 4791 1
1980
1990 5334 12 0
2000 6040 4 17 17 53
2010
2020

Method of Exclusion

  • Threat of Violence
  • Reputation

Main Ethnic Group(s)

  • Unknown

Group(s) Excluded

  • Black

Comments

Emma Lou Thornbrough writes in _The Negro in Indiana_ (Indianapolis: IN Historical Bureau, 1957), “Negroes were not allowed in Scottsburg or Lexington in Scott County, and the census figures for 1890 and 1900 show only one colored person in the entire county. (p. 226) In 2000, Scott County had not one black household! Eleven blacks.

A woman who lived in Scottsburg, Indiana during the 1920s through the 1960s recalls that there was a prominent sign welcoming folks to Sandoval: “Welcome to Sandoval, the town where the sun never sets on a nigger.” Also, Scottsberg had an ordinance which required blacks to be out of town by sundown. Her mother had a teen aged house servant who had to driven out of town before evening fell each day. She had come to be in their household after having worked for them in Lake Charles, Louisiana and having left that state with them when they relocated to Scottsburg.