Home » New York » Penfield

James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.

Penfield

New York

Basic Information

Type of Place
Independent City or Town
Metro Area
Politics c. 1860?
Unions, Organized Labor?

Sundown Town Status

Confirmed Sundown Town?
Possible
Was there an ordinance?
Sign?
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930 3,306 1
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000 34,645 814
2010
2020

Method of Exclusion

Main Ethnic Group(s)

Group(s) Excluded

  • Black

Comments

Email from a former resident–he mentions a few towns, including Penfield:

“The police departments used the term “border patrol” either as a name for themselves or for the practice of pulling over minorities. Persons of colour are pulled over, questioned, possibly ticketed and sometimes escorted out of town after dark. The practice becomes widely known, and generally discourages persons of colour from returning, or considering the area as a place to live.”

Metro-Act, in 1975, challenged the zoning laws of Penfield by claiming that “the town’s zoning ordinance, by its terms and as enforced, effectively excluded persons of low and moderate income from living in the town, in violation of petitioners’ constitutional rights.” The case went before the Supreme Court and was struck down: Warth v. Seldin