- Type of Place
- Metro Area
- Los Angeles/San Diego
- Politics c. 1860?
- Unions, Organized Labor?
Sundown Town Status
- Sundown Town in the Past?
- Was there an ordinance?
- Don't Know
- Don’t Know
- Year of Greatest Interest
- Still Sundown?
- Probably Not, Although Still Very Few Black People
Method of Exclusion
- Private Bad Behavior
Main Ethnic Group(s)
In the 1920s, Ku Klux Klan pressure led local
agencies to condemn black-owned properties and
restrict blacks from living on or using the beach. By
the end of the decade, virtually of the African
American residents of Manhattan Beach had left.
In 2003, the city council debated adding a plaque
discussing the eviction of black families in Manhattan
Beach. Part of the final wording chosen by the council
states “formerly the site of Bruce’s Beach, a resort for
African American Angelenos. This two block
neighborhood also housed several minority families
and was condemned through eminent domain
proceedings commenced in 1924. Those tragic
circumstances reflected the views of a different time.”