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James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.

Lumberton

Texas

Basic Information

Type of Place
Independent City or Town
Metro Area
Politics c. 1860?
Don’t Know
Unions, Organized Labor?
Don’t Know

Sundown Town Status

Confirmed Sundown Town?
Possible
Was there an ordinance?
Don't Know
Sign?
Don’t Know
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?
Probably Not, Although Still Very Few Black People

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980 2480 2469 0 1
1990 6640 2
2000 8731 8525 4 18 25 23 159 2
2010
2020

Method of Exclusion

  • Unknown

Main Ethnic Group(s)

  • Unknown

Group(s) Excluded

  • Black

Comments

A reference librarian in nearby Beaumont remembers there were cross burnings when a black family moved in.

Referring to their all-white compositions, an amateur historian said of Nederland, Port Neches, Lumberton, and Groves, “Had someone come into any of them in the ’30s, I don’t know what would have happened.” However, he later denied that anything would have happened and rejected any incidents in Lumberton, suggesting instead that blacks were only reluctant to move in.

A retired educator and administrator has identified Lumberton as a white flight community and recalled the town served as the Texas KKK headquarters in the early 1970s.