Home » Illinois » Kaolin

James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.

Kaolin

Illinois

Basic Information

Type of Place
Independent City or Town
Metro Area
Politics c. 1860?
Unions, Organized Labor?

Sundown Town Status

Confirmed Sundown Town?
Surely
Was there an ordinance?
Don't Know
Sign?
Don’t Know
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?
Don’t Know

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990 0
2000
2010
2020

Method of Exclusion

  • Unknown

Main Ethnic Group(s)

  • Unknown

Group(s) Excluded

  • Black

Comments

The community of Kaolin developed in conjunction with the kaolin mines on the eastern slope of Iron Mountain southwest of Mountain Glen. Several houses, dormitories for the miners, a post office and a railroad station existed in the community during the peak production period of the World War I. Kaolin was mined in Union County as early as the 1850s for use in the Anna Pottery. Kaolin, known also as China Clay, is an essential ingredient of china or porcelain. It is a white, soft powder, which fires white of nearly white. Following the final closing of the mine, after excavating to a depth of 100 feet, the area was acquired by the Shawnee National Forest.
Too small to be in census, but part of Jonesboro I township, which had only one black (male adult) in 1990. Kaolin probably should not “count” as an independent town, owing to its small size.