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James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.

General

Idaho

Basic Information

Type of Place
Metro Area
Politics c. 1860?
Unions, Organized Labor?

Sundown Town Status

Confirmed Sundown Town?
Was there an ordinance?
Sign?
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
2020

Method of Exclusion

Main Ethnic Group(s)

Group(s) Excluded

Comments

In 1870, Chinese people made up between one-
quarter and on-third of Idaho’s total population. Anti-
Chinese attitude peaked in 1885 and 1886, often led
by the Knights of Labor, an early labor union.

Chinese immigrants first came to Idaho as railroad and
mine workers. Many of these workers settled
permanently in Idaho and took other jobs. In 1882,
the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed in Congress,
which allowed the federal government to severely
restrict Chinese immigration. The act was renewed in
1892 and again in 1902, and not repealed until 1943.
The 1943 immigration laws established a quota on
Chinese immigrants (105 a year), which was not lifted
until the 1965 Immigration Act.

In 1886, a large anti-Chinese convention was held in
Boise, and violent expulsion of Chinese people spread
through the state.