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James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.

Fairfield

Illinois

Basic Information

Type of Place
Independent City or Town
Metro Area
Politics c. 1860?
Unions, Organized Labor?

Sundown Town Status

Confirmed Sundown Town?
Surely
Was there an ordinance?
Yes, Strong Oral Tradition
Sign?
Perhaps, Some Oral Evidence
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?
Probably Not, Although Still Very Few Black People

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990 5439
2000 5421 5334 5
2010
2020

Method of Exclusion

  • Violence Towards Newcomers
  • Other

Main Ethnic Group(s)

Group(s) Excluded

  • Black

Comments

“It is unlawful for “negroes” to be within county boundries from sundown to sunrise.”-According to multiple sources.

There used to be a Wayne County landmark just outside of town called The Hangin Tree were they used to hang blacks, but about a year ago the farmer who owned the land finally cut it down. There was a sign they used to have at the edge of town that said ” If you’re black, don’t let the sun set on you in Fairfield “-Interview from a long-time resident in 2002