Home » Illinois » Effingham

James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.

Effingham

Illinois

Basic Information

Type of Place
Independent City or Town
Metro Area
Politics c. 1860?
Unions, Organized Labor?

Sundown Town Status

Confirmed Sundown Town?
Surely
Was there an ordinance?
Yes, Strong Oral Tradition
Sign?
Yes, Strong Oral Tradition
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?
Surely Not

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1860
1870
1880
1890 3
1900 3774 3771 3
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990 11,851
2000 12,384 12,110 44
2010 12328 47 18
2020

Method of Exclusion

  • Threat of Violence
  • Police or Other Official Action
  • Reputation

Main Ethnic Group(s)

Group(s) Excluded

  • Black

Comments

There is a bus and train station in Effingham that were the only places in town that African Americans were allowed to go when travelling through. They were not allowed to leave the station and the police monitored constantly to ensure it. Very strong reputation of being unfriendly to Blacks.