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James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.

Columbia

Illinois

Basic Information

Type of Place
Suburb
Metro Area
St. Louis
Politics c. 1860?
Unions, Organized Labor?

Sundown Town Status

Confirmed Sundown Town?
Probable
Was there an ordinance?
Yes, Strong Oral Tradition
Sign?
Yes, Strong Oral Tradition
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?
Probably Not, Although Still Very Few Black People

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950 2676 2
1960
1970 0
1980
1990 5524 7
2000 7805 8 1
2010 9707 36 8
2020

Method of Exclusion

  • Realtors
  • Reputation

Main Ethnic Group(s)

  • German Catholic

Group(s) Excluded

  • Black

Comments

According to residents, there was a 6 p.m. whistle to warn African Americans to leave town before dark. There also appears to have been a time where no real estate signs were posted when houses went on the market so that no African American families would try to buy a home in Columbia.