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James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.

Buffalo

Illinois

Basic Information

Type of Place
Independent City or Town
Metro Area
Politics c. 1860?
Unions, Organized Labor?

Sundown Town Status

Confirmed Sundown Town?
Surely
Was there an ordinance?
Don't Know
Sign?
Yes, Strong Oral Tradition
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?
Probably

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990 503
2000 491 479 0
2010
2020

Method of Exclusion

  • Police or Other Official Action

Main Ethnic Group(s)

Group(s) Excluded

  • Black

Comments

“‘Race hatred reached a high pitch’ in the town of Buffalo, 15 miles from Springfield. In front of the interurban station there, whites had set up a large sign that read: “All niggers are warned out of town by Monday, 12 %u2014 sharp. Buffalo Sharp Shooters.” (Illinois State Register, 8/17 or 18/1908, quoted in Roberta Senechal, The Sociogenesis of a Race Riot (Urbana: U of IL P, 1990), 129.)