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James W. Loewen (1942-2021)

We mourn the loss of our friend and colleague and remain committed to the work he began.

Baxter

Tennessee

Basic Information

Type of Place
Independent City or Town
Metro Area
Politics c. 1860?
Don’t Know
Unions, Organized Labor?
Don’t Know

Sundown Town Status

Confirmed Sundown Town?
Possible
Was there an ordinance?
Don't Know
Sign?
Don’t Know
Year of Greatest Interest
Still Sundown?
Probably

Census Information

The available census data from 1860 to the present
Total White Black Asian Native Hispanic Other BHshld
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990 1289 2
2000 1279 0
2010
2020

Method of Exclusion

  • Unknown

Main Ethnic Group(s)

  • Unknown

Group(s) Excluded

  • Black

Comments

According to a local professor, blacks have only moved into this area since the 1970s. Conversations and interviews with the local population were the major sources of information. There are interview records in the Folklife Collection in the Kentucky Museum of Western Kentucky University in Bowling Green, KY. One interview that strongly stated the situation into the 1970s was that with William Charles Beasley in Silver Point, Tennessee tape recorded by Jewell Peach on March 4, 1995. Baxter’s racial attitudes towards blacks are also documented in Mary Jean DeLozier’s, Putnam County Tennessee, 1850-1970 (1979).

Testimony of a local resident:
“Several years ago I moved from the Seattle area to Cookeville, TN. In conversations with some long time residents of a nearby town, Baxter, TN, I have been told that Baxter was a sundown town with an enhancement. When passenger trains came into Baxter, blacks were required to pull down the shades so as not to offend the towns residents.”